heralded from the Aegean Island of Ceos and was supposedly a rather pessimistic
fellow. He held, for example, that such are the evils of this life that death
is a desirable alternative. He is most famous for his contributions to the
philosophy of religion, arguing that at the most primitive stage of development
people worship what is useful for immediate survival (sun, rain, rivers,
etc.) and, at a later stage, the inventors of various arts (agriculture,
the forge, etc.). Needless to say these unorthodox views got him into trouble
in Athens with the traditionally pious. Despite
this he was one of the more popular Sophists and
was able to demand large fees for his services.
Socrates, apparently, was on friendly terms with him and even sent him
some students though this may have been no compliment considering they were
only the dull-witted ones!